• Ski

What is a basic skincare routine?

A healthy and glowing skin is a dream of many people.

Instead of happening overnight, it's a lifelong process and developing a daily skincare routine is beneficial for your skin and wellbeing.

However, unlike other routines and habits that make up our day-to-day lives like having a coffee every morning, using Facebook, Instagram every day.., skincare routine is easy to be neglected when our life gets stressful or busy.

A lot of us have experienced this, we come home after a long day, feeling super tired and getting ready to go to bed, it can be inevitable to think: “I’ll just splash my face with some water and really clean it tomorrow.”, or when we rush to work in the morning, it's really convenient to wash our face in the shower and call it a day.

Unfortunately, those missed small skincare routines are usually the most beneficial ones for us in the long-term, it's like taking care of both our physical and mental selves by spending a little me-time every day.

An effective routine can help prevent acne, treat wrinkles and keep your skin looking good. Before digging into detailed steps for skincare regimens, we should keep this in mind: "Less is more", this famous motto of architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohecan can be applied in not only architecture but different aspects of life, in this case, skincare routine for all ages and genders.

Another advice from Divya Shokeen, a board-certified dermatologist in Torrance, California: "The most important skin-care advice would be to keep it simple. Start with your basics and expand as you see fit." Those basics should always include the following steps, performed in the following order:

  • Cleanse the face with facial cleanser and double cleanser at night

  • Balance the skin with toner

  • Moisturize/hydrate the skin with moisturizer or day cream/ night cream

  • Protect the skin from the sun with sunscreen (in the morning)

Cleanse the face

The most basic and essential step of any routine is washing your face. “Our skin comes in contact with environmental pollutants, dirt and other factors each day that should be gently removed.”, said the New York City dermatologist Dr. Carlos Charles. Having a clean surface help your skincare products to penetrate your skin more deeply and perform their tasks more efficiently.

To avoid clogged pores, dullness and acne, wash your face twice a day, use a gentle facial cleansing in the morning and double cleansing method at night if you were wearing makeup or sunscreen during the day.

About Double cleansing method, it's a technique that became popular in Japan and South Korea before catching on in Europe and North America involves using two different types of cleansers. The first can be an oil-based cleanser or micellar water. This is followed up by a water-based one.

Balance skin

Basically, pH (potential of hydrogen) levels measure how acid or alkaline our skin is. The pH scale is from 0 to 14, with 1 being most acidic and 14 most alkaline.

Our skin typically has a natural pH level of 4 to 6 and healthy skin has a pH of 5.5 ,slightly acidic which put skin in the best place to resist harmful bacteria. However, that gets disturbed when you wash your face, as the water and cleanser alter it. So we need to re-balance skin and return it to a pH level where skin can be most radiant.

Toners typically have a pH level that’s neutral or a bit acidic to restore your skin’s pH balance after cleansing so it’s better protected with a healthy skin barrier.

Moisturize/hydrate and soften the skin

Let's make it clear at first. What is the different between "Hydration" and Moisturizing"?

Hydration” is the absorption of moisture from the air and then infusing your cells with water to improve your skin’s ability to absorb moisture and nutrients. Hydration

Moisturizing” is about trapping and locking in the moisture to build your skin’s natural protective barrier. This will prevent any water loss and ensure that your skin remains soft and smooth.

You can choose either moisturize or hydrate our skin or even both, yet for a basic skincare routine, a moisturizer or day cream/ night cream are recommended to help their skin say soft and smooth and to remain hydrated.

Apply moisturizer on your face and neck, paying special attention to the area around your eyes and lips, which can get excessively dry.

Protect the skin from the sun

As we all know, exposure to the sun is vital to your overall health and wellbeing. Soaking up those rays can ward off depression, strengthen your bones, and even help regulate your blood pressure. But too much bare exposure to the sun can increase the risk of skin cancer and cause early skin aging no matter season, ages, genders.

According to dermatologist Katie Manno, MD, working for the Skin Cancer and Dermatology Institute out of Reno, NV, "You should wear sunscreen every day because when you are outside, you are constantly being exposed to UV radiation. UV radiation even penetrates through the clouds, so yes, you should even be putting on the cream on cloudy days."

In short: Yes, you should wear sunscreen every day. If you don't do so. you're going to accumulate damage in the skin, which can lead to developing cancerous skin lesions later in life."

Next time, we're going talk about how we can apply basic skincare steps for morning and night regimen.

Have a good day and remember to put some sunscreen on before going out! See you!